With technology progressing at an alarming rate, it has become not only more available, but cheap and compact. This applies for virtually every need known to mankind. Lighting has been one of these endeavours, and from candles to the modern lightbulb, humanity has come a great pace. Nowadays, there are different types of lighting, for diverse purposes which make them have unique characteristics. In this iteration, we will see the main differences between LED vs incandescent lights.
Incandescent light is achieved by heating a tungsten wire inside a lightbulb, producing a range of 4500 F° to 4900 F° to accomplish that. LEDs are colder to the touch, but with time, they can gain heat as well. Their temperature ranges from 140 to 180 F°. The first type needs way more energy to light things up.
An incandescent light bulb takes more input of energy to effectively emit lighting; they require from 40 to 60 Watts and their Lumen/Watt rate is extremely low. On the other hand, LED lights are way more energy friendly. They can produce a better lm/W ratio with a tenth the Wattage an incandescent bulb may need. Sometimes, it can even fall short.
Here things get interesting in regards to incandescent vs LED. Despite their efficiency with temperature and energy input, LED lights have a different color ranges. The Color Rendering Index (or CRI) is a chart that classifies lights from 100 (which would be equal to the effect of sunlight) to 80<, which is a tinted effect, common on everyday LED lightbulbs. Incandescent lights have a better range and are more likely to hit the 100 level than LEDs, which are only capable, on their maximum settings, to achieve barely a level 80. Next to each other, the difference is apparent.
As said before, incandescent lights are more rustic in their manufacture, as they are mostly wires heating up. LEDs needs a card in order to process the energy flow, as they use direct current instead of alternative current. LEDs have a strobing effect that can be subtle, but depending on the need of the user, it can be troublesome.
All being said regarding LED vs incandescent lights, LEDs may be brighter and could have a less consuming intake than incandescent lights, but their cheap and low input has its price. The green tint and strobing can be a problem for people that will try to use this type of lighting for a home studio, since these rooms require constant light.
Incandescent lights may come in different packages and have different uses. They are used for heating/incubating eggs, or for gardening purposes. They are pricey, however, and consume much more energy. They also have a very limited lifespan compared to LEDs.
Regardless, these lights have their pro and cons. When choosing incandescent vs LED lights, get the one that suits your needs best in order to achieve the results you may be expecting. Whether they are for home use, or for ambience at your workplace, with this guide, you are covered from head to toe.